Cosmetic Ingredients Functions


Removes materials from various body surfaces or aids mechanical tooth cleaning or improves gloss.

Takes up water- and/or oil-soluble dissolved or finely dispersed substances.

Allows free flow of solid particles and thus avoids agglomeration of powdered cosmetics into lumps or hard masses.

Prevents corrosion of the packaging.

Helps control dandruff.

Suppresses foam during manufacturing or reduces the tendency of finished products to generate foam.

Helps control the growth of micro-organisms on the skin.

Inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity.

Reduces perspiration.

Helps protect against plaque.

Helps control sebum production.

Reduces static electricity by neutralising electrical charge on a surface.

Contracts the skin.

Provides cohesion in cosmetics.

Lightens the shade of hair or skin.

Stabilises the pH of cosmetics.

Reduces bulk density of cosmetics.

Reacts and forms complexes with metal ions which could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetics.

Helps to keep the body surface clean.

Colours cosmetics and/or imparts colour to the skin and/or its appendages. All colours listed are substances on the positive list of colorants (Annex IV to the Cosmetics Directive).

Renders cosmetics unpalatable. Mostly added to cosmetics containing ethyl alcohol.

Reduces or masks unpleasant body odours.

Removes unwanted body hair.

Reduces or eliminates hair intertwining due to hair surface alteration or damage and, thus, helps combing.

Softens and smooths the skin.